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Economic growth was adjusted one-tenth of a percentage lower to 2.5% q/q in the fourth-quarter according to the second estimate. Consumer spending was unchanged at a healthy 3.8%. Residential investement was adjusted higher to 13.1% from 11.6%, while slowing inventory build and nonresidential investment dragged on growth. We expect economic growth to pick up in the first half of 2018, supported by fiscal stimulus, before a second-half slowdown.
The February employment report was extremely strong, with payroll gains of 313,000 almost 100,000 higher than consensus estimate. In addition, the prior two months were revised upward by 54,000. The unemployment rate stayed flat at 4.1% despite strong payroll gains thanks to a surge in the participation rate, up to 63.0%. Wage growth increased 2.5% y/y for production and nonsupervisory workers, faster than last month, and total private wage growth figures were revised down for January and healthy at 2.6% y/y for February. Last month's report confirms that the labor market continues to tighten, a reality that will likely limit U.S. economic growth past 2019.
With 485 companies having reported (98.8% of market cap), our current estimate for 4Q17 is $33.86 ($28.15 ex-financials). This represents a 21.4% y/y growth rate, with strength in energy, materials, technology and industrials, while telecom and real estate have struggled. So far 75% of companies have beat on earnings and 67% have beat on revenue. 2018 earnings estimates have risen from $149.70 to $158.00 since the beginning of the quarter. Although analyst estimates have historically been optimistic, strong economic fundamentals and the impact of tax reform should support double-digit earnings growth this year.
Personal consumption data showed signs of gradually firming inflation with the month-over-month headline and core measures both up 0.4% and 0.3%, respectfully. However, it still wasn't enough to move the year-over-year readings, which stayed steady at 1.7% and 1.5%. These results are in line with the Fed's outlook that inflation should gradually move upward toward their 2% target this year. We believe this will keep the Fed on track for 3-4 rate hikes in 2018.
As largely expected, the Fed left rates unchanged at their meeting last week, the last with Chair Yellen at the helm. Economic projections were not updated at this meeting and still show real GDP at 2.5% and unemployment at 3.9% for 2018. Fed funds rate projections indicate three rate hikes this year, in line with expectations, as well as the continuation of the gradual reduction of the balance sheet. As outlined at the September conference, the cap increased to $20 billion from $10 billion this quarter. Investors should note that there will be a changing of the guard this year with several voting members rotating out and a new chair. We believe the composition of this new committee may be slightly more hawkish than the current Board.