The information on this site may inform you of certain investment products and services offered by the private banking business of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. or any of its affiliates (together, "J.P. Morgan"), part of JPMorgan Chase & Co. Bank products and services are offered by JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (JPMCB) and its affiliates. Securities products and services are offered by J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, an affiliate of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and other global affiliates.

Any views and strategies described may not be suitable for all investors and are subject to investment risks. Please read this Important Information in its entirety.

Regulatory Status
In the United States, Bank products and services, including certain discretionary investment management products and services, are offered by JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“JPMCB”) and its affiliates. Securities products and services are offered in the U.S. by J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, an affiliate of JPMCB, and outside of the U.S. by other global affiliates. J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, member FINRA and SIPC.

In the United Kingdom, material is issued by J.P. Morgan International Bank Limited (JPMIB) with the registered office located at 25 Bank Street, Canary Wharf, London E14 5JP, registered in England No. 03838766. JPMIB is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority. In addition, material may be distributed by: JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“JPMCB”), Paris branch, which is regulated by the French banking authorities Autorité de Contrôle Prudentiel et de Résolution and Autorité des Marchés Financiers; J.P. Morgan (Suisse) SA, regulated by the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority; JPMCB Dubai branch, regulated by the Dubai Financial Services Authority; JPMCB Bahrain branch, licensed as a conventional wholesale bank by the Central Bank of Bahrain (for professional clients only).

In Hong Kong, material is distributed by JPMCB, Hong Kong branch. JPMCB, Hong Kong branch is regulated by the Hong Kong Monetary Authority and the Securities and Futures Commission of Hong Kong. In Hong Kong, we will cease to use your personal data for our marketing purposes without charge if you so request. In Singapore, material is distributed by JPMCB, Singapore branch. JPMCB, Singapore branch is regulated by the Monetary Authority of Singapore. Dealing and advisory services and discretionary investment management services are provided to you by JPMCB, Hong Kong/Singapore branch (as notified to you). Banking and custody services are provided to you by JPMIB and/or JPMCB Singapore Branch. The contents of material have not been reviewed by any regulatory authority in Hong Kong, Singapore or any other jurisdictions. You are advised to exercise caution in relation to materials. If you are in any doubt about any of the contents of material, you should obtain independent professional advice.

With respect to countries in Latin America, the distribution of this material may be restricted in certain jurisdictions. Receipt of this material does not constitute an offer or solicitation to any person in any jurisdiction in which such offer or solicitation is not authorized or to any person to whom it would be unlawful to make such offer or solicitation. To the extent this content makes reference to a fund, the Fund may not be publicly offered in any Latin American country, without previous registration of such fund´s securities in compliance with the laws of the corresponding jurisdiction.

In Brazil, materials are being distributed for informational purposes only and do not (and are not intended to) constitute an offer, sale or recommendation to any person with respect to any security. The products mentioned herein are not being offered or sold publicly in Brazil and will not be registered with the Brazilian Securities and Exchange Commission (CVM). Documents relating to the securities and its offering, as well as the information contained herein and therein may not be supplied to the public as a public offering in Brazil or be used in connection with any offer for subscription or sale to the public in Brazil.

Information about your Investments and Potential Conflicts of Interest

Conflicts of interest will arise whenever JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. or any of its affiliates (together, “J.P. Morgan”) have an actual or perceived economic or other incentive in its management of our clients’ portfolios to act in a way that benefits J.P. Morgan. Conflicts will result, for example (to the extent the following activities are permitted in your account): (1) when J.P. Morgan invests in an investment product, such as a mutual fund, structured product, separately managed account or hedge fund issued or managed by JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. or an affiliate, such as J.P. Morgan Investment Management Inc.; (2) when a J.P. Morgan entity obtains services, including trade execution and trade clearing, from an affiliate; (3) when J.P. Morgan receives payment as a result of purchasing an investment product for a client’s account; or (4) when J.P. Morgan receives payment for providing services (including shareholder servicing, recordkeeping or custody) with respect to investment products purchased for a client’s portfolio. Other conflicts will result because of relationships that J.P. Morgan has with other clients or when J.P. Morgan acts for its own account.

Investment strategies are selected from both J.P. Morgan and third-party asset managers and are subject to a review process by our manager research teams. From this pool of strategies, our portfolio construction teams select those strategies we believe fit our asset allocation goals and forward looking views in order to meet the portfolio's investment objective.

As a general matter, we prefer J.P. Morgan managed strategies. We expect the proportion of J.P. Morgan managed strategies will be high (in fact, up to I00 percent) in strategies such as, for example, cash and high-quality fixed income, subject to applicable law and any account-specific considerations.

While our internally managed strategies generally align well with our forward looking views, and we are familiar with the investment processes as well as the risk and compliance philosophy of the firm, it is important to note that J.P. Morgan receives more overall fees when internally managed strategies are included. We offer the option of choosing to exclude J.P. Morgan managed strategies (other than cash and liquidity products) in certain portfolios.


We believe the sourced information contained on this site to be reliable and have sought to take reasonable care in its preparation; however, we do not represent or warrant its accuracy, reliability or completeness, or accept any liability for any loss or damage (whether direct or indirect) arising out of the use of all or any part of material on this site. We do not make any representation or warranty with regard to any computations, graphs, tables, diagrams or commentary on this site which are provided for illustration/reference purposes only. The views, opinions, estimates and strategies expressed on this site constitute our judgment based on current market conditions and are subject to change without notice. We assume no duty to update any information on this site in the event that such information changes. Views, opinions, estimates and strategies expressed herein may differ from those expressed by other areas of J.P. Morgan, view expressed for other purposes or in other contexts, and the content created by J.P. Morgan Private Bank should not be regarded as a research report. Any projected results and risks are based solely on hypothetical examples cited, and actual results and risks will vary depending on specific circumstances. Forward looking statements should not be considered as guarantees or predictions of future events. Investors may get back less than they invested, and past performance is not a reliable indicator of future results.

Risks, Considerations and Additional information

There may be different or additional factors which are not reflected on this site, but which may impact on a client’s portfolio or investment decision. The information contained on this site is intended to be general market commentary and should not be relied upon in isolation for the purpose of making an investment decision. Nothing on this site shall be construed as giving rise to any duty of care owed to, or advisory relationship with, you or any third party. Nothing in this document is intended to constitute a representation that any investment strategy or product is suitable for you. You should consider carefully whether any products and strategies discussed are suitable for your needs, and to obtain additional information prior to making an investment decision. Nothing on this site shall be regarded as an offer, solicitation, recommendation or advice (whether financial, accounting, legal, tax or other) given by J.P. Morgan and/or its officers or employees, irrespective of whether or not such a communication was given at your request. J.P. Morgan and its affiliates and employees do not provide tax, legal or accounting advice. You should consult your own tax, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any financial transactions. Contact your J.P. Morgan representative for additional information concerning your personal investment goals. You should be aware of the general and specific risks relevant to the matters discussed on this site. You will independently, without any reliance on J.P. Morgan, make your own judgment and decision with respect to any investment or strategy referenced on this site.

J.P. Morgan may hold a position for itself or our other clients which may not be consistent with the information, opinions, estimates, investment strategies or views expressed in this document. JPMorgan Chase & Co. or its affiliates may hold a position or act as market maker in the financial instruments of any issuer discussed herein or act as an underwriter, placement agent, advisor or lender to such issuer.

References in this report to “J.P. Morgan” are to JPMorgan Chase & Co., its subsidiaries and affiliates worldwide. “J.P. Morgan Private Bank” is the marketing name for the private banking business conducted by J.P. Morgan.

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