On the left, the lines show the export year-over-year growth of the six ASEAN economies. Exports are an important economic driver for the region. It is an important source of employment and a broad range of economic activities, such as business investment, depends on exports.
On the right, the lines illustrate the current account balance of these six economies. The current account balance is the difference between exports and imports of goods and services. A current account surplus means a country is exporting more goods and services than importing them, and vice versa. A country with a current account surplus is also more resilient in maintaining its currency stability, since a current account surplus implies an inflow of foreign currencies. At the same time, a country with a current account deficit is more vulnerable to capital outflow since it needs foreign currency to pay for its imports.